Cerco paramilitar en Viaje al interior de una gota de sangre
Keywords:Daniel Ferreira; Viaje al interior de una gota de sangre; Colombia; narrativa colombiana
Este artículo examina la novela de Daniel Ferreira Viaje al interior de una gota de sangre (2017) desde el lente del paramilitarismo. Tras su enfoque en las víctimas de una limpieza paramilitar de los años 80, la novela insiste en rastrear un pasado más lejano y reflexionar sobre la narración del mismo. El artículo sostiene que esta exploración evidencia una versión del paramilitarismo ligado a la historia moderna del estado nación colombiano como abolición violenta de la memoria y de lo común—en nombre del progreso (la acumulación)—. Es decir, una versión más compleja que aquella que piensa en éste como una fuerza contrainsurgente originada en los años 80. El análisis de la novela revela cómo ésta se construye a través de capas superpuestas relacionadas entre sí, que ponen en juego el tiempo en el espacio y que difieren de una comprensión lineal y progresiva del tiempo. Ese entendimiento del pasado le permite a la novela emprender una excavación arqueológica que revela los cercamientos—y el consecuente despojo—que se han trazado sobre la tierra a través del tiempo, con la ayuda de fuerzas armadas estatales y paramilitarizadas, y en función de la acumulación.
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